Let's start with the easiest - the picture with a pregnant man (False Positive) from the presented options refers to the Confusion Matrix (Error Matrix). Comedians can see kaggle in it - "do not believe anything, in the competition everything will turn out to be different from what I was taught".
Now let's try to group the proposed options:
- XGBoost is a method.
- Linear regression is a family of methods.
- Kaggle is a competition platform.
- Confusion Matrix is a term.
XGBoost and Linear regression are popular methods, and if you think about the relationship between them, most will say that XGBoost gives a better result, i.e. cooler. If you look for a similar relation among the remaining three pictures, you will easilty find the correct answer - a car and a helicopter.
Using the exclusion method, we conclude that kaggle is depicted by the picture with a tower of cubes symbolizeing the popular technique - stacking.
So the correct answer is 2. C, B, A, D.
For skeptics who don't find this test accurate enough, I should note that the correct solution is mainly based on the candidate's overall erudition, as the picture of the car-helicopter pair is borrowed from a popular article about XGBoost, and the tower of cubes is a popular meme in a very well-known community of Data Scientists.
And of course, the task narration has a very important accent "Choose the most appropriate order". For me personally, tasks that can have several correct solutions are much more fascinating than those with a single defined answer. Such questions imply an open answer and invoke a dialogue demonstrating how the candidate thinks, their path of logics.
What other interpretations are possible, you would ask? The tower of cubes may be associated with XGBoost, it is a composition of trees, then the helicopter can depict kaggle, as something very modern, but now you face to associate regression with some of the pictures.